Rate for extinguishing tax losses when tax is written off
2012 amendment to the Tax Administration Act reduces the rate used to extinguish the tax losses of companies when their tax is written off.
Section 177C(5) of the Tax Administration Act 1994
The Tax Administration Act 1994 has been amended to reduce the rate used to extinguish the tax losses of companies when their tax is written off.
The Tax Administration Act 1994 allows Inland Revenue in certain cases to write off tax which cannot be recovered.
If Inland Revenue writes off tax for a taxpayer who has a tax loss, it must extinguish all or part of the taxpayer's tax loss in proportion to the amount written off by dividing the amount written off by 33% and reducing the tax loss by that amount. The legislation provided a single rate of 33% for extinguishing tax losses.
When the provision was introduced, the company tax rate was 33% and the top marginal tax rate for individuals was 39%. Submissions on the provision, when it was introduced in 2002, noted that the rate used for extinguishing tax losses should be the taxpayer's marginal tax rate. Officials' response was that a single rate was preferred for simplicity reasons, and the 33% rate would generally either be accurate or taxpayer- friendly.
Since the provision was introduced in 2002, tax rates have been lowered. The top marginal rate for individuals is now 33% and the company tax rate has been lowered from 33% to 28%.
Given these rate changes, the 33% rate for extinguishing losses is too generous in all cases for companies because they are taxed at a flat rate of 28%; in other words, insufficient company losses are extinguished under the current 33% rate. The rate for other taxpayers will remain at 33% to ensure individuals on the top marginal tax rate do not have their losses over-reduced.
The rate used for extinguishing losses of companies who have tax written off has been reduced to 28%. The rate for other taxpayers remains at 33%.
The amendment applies from the date of Royal assent, being 2 November 2012.